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Google Sheets

Calculate Average in Google Sheets: A Step-by-Step Guide

Calculating averages in Google Sheets is a fundamental skill for analyzing and summarizing numerical data. In this step-by-step guide, we'll explore various methods to seamlessly calculate averages, empowering you to efficiently derive insights from your spreadsheet data.

Recognizing the Importance of Calculating Averages

Calculating averages allows you to obtain a central measure of a dataset, providing insights into its overall trend. Mastering the application of average calculations in Google Sheets is essential for effective data analysis and reporting.

Method 1: Basic Average Calculation

Learn the foundational method of calculating averages in Google Sheets. Understand how to select the cell where you want the average to appear, use the "Σ" (Sum) button on the toolbar, and let Google Sheets automatically calculate the average of the selected range.

Method 2: Using the AVERAGE Function

Explore the AVERAGE function for precise average calculations. Learn how to use the AVERAGE function by manually entering the formula or selecting the desired range, providing a flexible and customizable way to calculate averages in your spreadsheet.

Method 3: Average Calculation for Columns and Rows

Understand how to calculate averages for entire columns or rows. Learn how to select the target cell, use the "Σ" (Sum) button, and observe how Google Sheets intelligently suggests the range to calculate the average based on the adjacent data in the selected column or row.

Method 4: Custom Average Calculation with Functions

Dive into custom average calculations using functions. Learn how to use functions like AVERAGEIFS to calculate averages based on specific criteria, allowing for more advanced and tailored average calculations in your data analysis.

Method 5: Dynamic Average Calculation with ARRAYFORMULA

Explore dynamic average calculations using ARRAYFORMULA. Learn how to use ARRAYFORMULA in conjunction with the AVERAGE function to automatically calculate averages for entire columns or rows, ensuring that your averages update dynamically with changes in the dataset.


In conclusion, calculating averages in Google Sheets is a key skill for effective data analysis. Whether you're using basic average calculations, the AVERAGE function, calculating averages for columns or rows, customizing with functions like AVERAGEIFS, or employing ARRAYFORMULA for dynamic averages, the methods outlined in this guide provide a comprehensive toolkit for deriving insights from numerical data. By incorporating these techniques into your spreadsheet workflow, you'll enhance your ability to analyze and report average values with precision and efficiency.