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Google Sheets

Calculate Standard Deviation in Google Sheets: A Step-by-Step Guide

Calculating standard deviation in Google Sheets is a crucial statistical measure that helps quantify the amount of variability or dispersion in a dataset. In this step-by-step guide, we'll explore various methods to seamlessly calculate standard deviation, enabling you to assess the spread of your data accurately.

Recognizing the Importance of Standard Deviation Calculation

Standard deviation provides valuable insights into the variability of data points, aiding in statistical analysis and decision-making. Mastering the calculation of standard deviation in Google Sheets is essential for understanding the distribution of numerical data.

Method 1: Using the STDEVP Function

Learn the foundational method of calculating standard deviation in Google Sheets using the STDEVP function. Understand how to enter the formula, providing the data range as an argument, to obtain the population standard deviation for the selected dataset.

Method 2: Calculating Sample Standard Deviation

Explore calculating sample standard deviation for datasets with limited samples. Learn how to use the STDEV function to calculate the sample standard deviation, adjusting for the smaller sample size compared to the entire population.

Method 3: Dynamic Standard Deviation Calculation with ARRAYFORMULA

Dive into dynamic standard deviation calculations using ARRAYFORMULA. Learn how to use ARRAYFORMULA in conjunction with the STDEVP or STDEV function to automatically calculate standard deviations for entire columns or rows, ensuring dynamic updates with changes in the dataset.

Method 4: Calculating Standard Deviation for Specific Criteria

Understand how to calculate standard deviation for data subsets using the STDEVP or STDEV function with criteria. Learn how to specify conditions for inclusion in the standard deviation calculation, providing more targeted insights into the variability of specific subsets of your data.

Method 5: Visualizing Standard Deviation with Charts

Explore the use of charts to visualize standard deviation in your data. Learn how to create charts, such as line charts or error bar charts, to represent standard deviation graphically, providing a visual representation of the variability in your dataset.


In conclusion, calculating standard deviation in Google Sheets is a critical skill for understanding the variability and dispersion of numerical data. Whether you're using the STDEVP or STDEV function, calculating sample standard deviation, performing dynamic calculations with ARRAYFORMULA, applying criteria for specific subsets, or visualizing standard deviation with charts, the methods outlined in this guide provide a comprehensive toolkit for standard deviation analysis. By incorporating these techniques into your data analysis workflow, you'll gain valuable insights into the distribution and variability of your datasets in Google Sheets.