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Google Sheets

Combine Columns in Google Sheets: A Step-by-Step Guide

Combining columns in Google Sheets is a powerful technique for merging data from multiple columns into a single, consolidated column. In this step-by-step guide, we'll explore various methods to seamlessly combine columns, allowing you to streamline data and enhance the organization of your spreadsheet.

Recognizing the Importance of Column Combination

Combining columns enables you to create unified datasets, making it easier to analyze and present information. Mastering the techniques for combining columns in Google Sheets is crucial for effective data consolidation and organization.

Method 1: Using the CONCATENATE Function

Learn the foundational method of combining columns using the CONCATENATE function in Google Sheets. Understand how to use the formula, input the cell references or text strings from multiple columns, and generate a concatenated result in a new column.

Method 2: Utilizing the "&" Operator for Concatenation

Explore using the "&" operator for a concise way to concatenate columns in Google Sheets. Learn how to enter the formula with column references or text strings separated by "&" to achieve column combination without using the CONCATENATE function explicitly.


Dive into using ARRAYFORMULA in combination with CONCATENATE for efficient column combination. Understand how to apply ARRAYFORMULA to extend the CONCATENATE function to entire columns, automatically combining corresponding cells in one step.

Method 4: Combining Columns with Line Breaks

Understand how to combine columns with line breaks for multiline text concatenation. Learn how to use CHAR(10) or CHAR(13) within your concatenation formula to create line breaks, useful for combining columns into structured multiline text.

Method 5: Advanced Column Combination with Google Apps Script

Explore advanced column combination using Google Apps Script. Learn how to use scripts to automate column combination based on specific criteria or conditions, providing a powerful tool for customizing your column combination process.


In conclusion, combining columns in Google Sheets is a fundamental skill for efficient data consolidation and organization. Whether you're using the CONCATENATE function, the "&" operator, ARRAYFORMULA, incorporating line breaks, or leveraging Google Apps Script for advanced automation, the methods outlined in this guide provide a comprehensive toolkit for effective column combination. By incorporating these techniques into your data consolidation workflow, you'll enhance the structure and organization of your Google Sheets spreadsheet.