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Excel Guide

Efficient Methods for Percentage Calculation in Excel

Learning how to calculate percentages in Excel might initially seem challenging, but it becomes straightforward once you grasp the process. This article will guide you through the steps of calculating percentages in Excel using a simple formula.

The Calculation Formula

The formula for determining percentages in Excel is uncomplicated:

Percentage = Number / Total

For instance, suppose you have a list of numbers and want to find the percentage each number represents of the total. In the example below, a list of numbers is in column A, and we aim to calculate the percentage each number represents of the total.

Applying the Formula

To apply the formula, follow these steps:

  1. Input the formula into a cell; in this example, we use cell B2.
  2. Enter the number you want to calculate the percentage for in the same cell (e.g., A2).
  3. Input the total in the adjacent cell (e.g., A3).
  4. Press Enter.

Result Display

The calculated percentage should appear in the cell where you entered the formula. In this example, it indicates that 20% is equivalent to 1/5.

Formatting the Result

After learning how to calculate percentages, you might want to format the results for better readability. This could involve adding a percentage sign (%) or adjusting the number of decimal places displayed.

To format the results:

  1. Select the cell with the result you wish to format.
  2. Click the "Format" button in the "Number" section of the "Home" tab.
  3. Choose the desired format, such as "Percentage."
  4. Click "OK."

Formatted Result

The selected number should now be displayed as a percentage. In our example, the number is now shown as 20%.

In Conclusion

Calculating percentages in Excel is a straightforward process once you understand the formula. Additionally, by mastering result formatting, you have the flexibility to customize the appearance of your data.