#### The Calculation Formula

****The formula for determining percentages in Excel is uncomplicated:

Percentage = Number / Total

For instance, suppose you have a list of numbers and want to find the percentage each number represents of the total. In the example below, a list of numbers is in column A, and we aim to calculate the percentage each number represents of the total.

#### Applying the Formula

****To apply the formula, follow these steps:

- Input the formula into a cell; in this example, we use cell B2.
- Enter the number you want to calculate the percentage for in the same cell (e.g., A2).
- Input the total in the adjacent cell (e.g., A3).
- Press Enter.

#### Result Display

****The calculated percentage should appear in the cell where you entered the formula. In this example, it indicates that 20% is equivalent to 1/5.

#### Formatting the Result

****After learning how to calculate percentages, you might want to format the results for better readability. This could involve adding a percentage sign (%) or adjusting the number of decimal places displayed.

To format the results:

- Select the cell with the result you wish to format.
- Click the "Format" button in the "Number" section of the "Home" tab.
- Choose the desired format, such as "Percentage."
- Click "OK."

#### Formatted Result

****The selected number should now be displayed as a percentage. In our example, the number is now shown as 20%.

#### In Conclusion

****Calculating percentages in Excel is a straightforward process once you understand the formula. Additionally, by mastering result formatting, you have the flexibility to customize the appearance of your data.