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## Using the COUNTIF Function in Excel

Unlock the potential of the COUNTIF function in Excel, a robust tool designed to tally cells based on specific criteria. Whether you aim to count cells containing values exceeding 100 or those with a particular text string, COUNTIF simplifies the process. This guide illustrates how to leverage the COUNTIF function effectively.

#### Syntax of COUNTIF Function

Explore the syntax of the COUNTIF function, which comprises the following structure:

COUNTIF(range, criteria)

Define the 'range' as the cells you want to assess and 'criteria' as the conditions guiding the cell count. For instance, to count cells with values greater than 100 within a range, employ the criteria as follows:

">100"

#### Illustrative COUNTIF Function Examples

Dive into practical examples to grasp the application of the COUNTIF function. In the first scenario, witness the counting of cells with values surpassing 100 within a given range:

=COUNTIF(A1:D3, ">100")

This formula yields '3,' signifying the presence of three cells in the range surpassing the 100 threshold.

In the second example, witness the COUNTIF function tallying cells with a specific text string within a designated range:

=COUNTIF(A1:C3, "Red")

Resulting in '3,' the formula signifies the occurrence of three cells within the range containing the text string "Red."

#### Key Considerations for COUNTIF Function

When utilizing the COUNTIF function, remember these essential points:

1. The 'range' must always represent a group of cells, not a singular cell.
2. The 'criteria' can be a number, text string, or cell reference.
3. When the 'criteria' is a number or text string, enclose it in double quotes (").
4. If the 'criteria' is a cell reference, ensure it is within double quotes (").

#### COUNTIF Function Error Handling

In the event of an error, the COUNTIF function will return the #VALUE! error value. Typically, this occurs when the 'range' or 'criteria' arguments are invalid. Exercise caution to avoid encountering such errors.