As Seen on TechCrunch: Finofo Raises $1.65M CAD!

Google Sheets

Combine Two Columns in Google Sheets: A Step-by-Step Guide

Combining two columns in Google Sheets is a common requirement for merging data from different sources into a single column. In this step-by-step guide, we'll explore various methods to seamlessly combine two columns, allowing you to streamline data and enhance the organization of your spreadsheet.

Recognizing the Importance of Column Combination

Combining two columns enables you to create a consolidated dataset, making it easier to analyze and present information. Mastering the techniques for combining columns in Google Sheets is crucial for effective data consolidation and organization.

Method 1: Using the CONCATENATE Function

Learn the foundational method of combining two columns using the CONCATENATE function in Google Sheets. Understand how to use the formula, input the cell references or text strings from two columns, and generate a concatenated result in a new column.

Method 2: Utilizing the "&" Operator for Concatenation

Explore using the "&" operator for a concise way to concatenate two columns in Google Sheets. Learn how to enter the formula with column references or text strings separated by "&" to achieve column combination without using the CONCATENATE function explicitly.


Dive into using ARRAYFORMULA in combination with CONCATENATE for efficient column combination. Understand how to apply ARRAYFORMULA to extend the CONCATENATE function to entire columns, automatically combining corresponding cells in one step.

Method 4: Combining Columns with a Space Separator

Understand how to combine two columns with a space separator for a straightforward approach. Learn how to use the CONCATENATE function or "&" operator with a space character to create a space-separated combination of two columns.

Method 5: Advanced Column Combination with Google Apps Script

Explore advanced column combination using Google Apps Script for customized automation. Learn how to create scripts that loop through cells in two columns, extract and combine them, and populate a new column with the merged data.


In conclusion, combining two columns in Google Sheets is a fundamental skill for efficient data consolidation and organization. Whether you're using the CONCATENATE function, the "&" operator, ARRAYFORMULA, incorporating space separators, or leveraging Google Apps Script for advanced automation, the methods outlined in this guide provide a comprehensive toolkit for combining columns. By incorporating these techniques into your data consolidation workflow, you'll enhance the structure and organization of your Google Sheets spreadsheet.