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Google Sheets

Copy Formulas in Google Sheets: A Step-by-Step Guide

Copying formulas in Google Sheets is an essential skill for efficiently propagating calculations across your spreadsheet. In this step-by-step guide, we'll explore various methods to seamlessly copy formulas, enabling you to automate calculations and streamline your data analysis.

Recognizing the Importance of Copying Formulas

Copying formulas is crucial for maintaining accuracy and consistency in your Google Sheets calculations. Mastering the techniques for copying formulas is essential for efficient data analysis and ensuring that changes in one part of your spreadsheet are reflected throughout.

Method 1: Drag-and-Drop to Autofill

Learn the foundational method of copying formulas using the drag-and-drop technique to autofill cells in Google Sheets. Understand how to grab the small square in the bottom-right corner of a cell with a formula, drag it to adjacent cells, and automatically fill those cells with the formula.

Method 2: Using the Fill Handle for Custom Autofill

Explore using the fill handle for more precise control over formula autofill. Learn how to use the fill handle to drag formulas vertically or horizontally, controlling the direction and range of the autofill.

Method 3: Copy-Pasting Formulas

Dive into using the copy-paste method for copying formulas across different cells or ranges. Learn how to copy a cell with a formula (Ctrl+C on Windows/Linux or Command+C on Mac), select the target cells, and paste the formula (Ctrl+V on Windows/Linux or Command+V on Mac).

Method 4: Copying Formulas Across Sheets

Understand how to copy formulas across sheets in Google Sheets. Learn how to use the drag-and-drop technique, fill handle, or copy-paste method to duplicate formulas from one sheet to another, ensuring consistency in your calculations.

Method 5: Advanced Formula Copying with Google Apps Script

Explore advanced formula copying using Google Apps Script for customized automation. Learn how to create scripts that automatically apply specific formulas based on criteria, providing a powerful tool for customizing your formula propagation process.


In conclusion, copying formulas in Google Sheets is a fundamental skill for efficient data analysis and calculation automation. Whether you're using drag-and-drop, the fill handle, copy-paste, copying across sheets, or leveraging Google Apps Script for advanced automation, the methods outlined in this guide provide a comprehensive toolkit for copying formulas. By incorporating these techniques into your spreadsheet workflow, you'll enhance efficiency and accuracy in your calculations within Google Sheets.