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Glossary

Capitalization Ratio

The capitalization ratio is a financial metric utilized to gauge a company's degree of financial leverage. It is calculated as the proportion of debt to equity within the company's capital structure.

What is capitalization ratio?

The capitalization ratio measures a company's debt concerning its total equity. By dividing a company's total debt by its total equity, it indicates the level of financial leverage. A higher capitalization ratio suggests more debt relative to equity, potentially signaling a higher risk of financial distress. Conversely, a lower capitalization ratio signifies less debt concerning equity, which could imply a lower risk.

What insights does the capitalization ratio provide?

The capitalization ratio quantifies a company's debt and equity. Derived by dividing the company's total debt by its total equity, this ratio signifies the extent of debt concerning equity. A higher capitalization ratio indicates a considerable amount of debt relative to equity, while a lower ratio implies a significant proportion of equity compared to debt. A ratio of 1 denotes an equivalent quantity of debt and equity for the company.

How to calculate capitalization ratio?

The capitalization ratio, also known as the debt-to-equity ratio, measures a company's financial leverage by dividing its debt by its equity, with a higher ratio indicating greater risk due to increased leverage. This ratio is sometimes referred to as the debt-to-capitalization ratio and can be used to determine a company's debt-to-equity ratio, a key measure of financial leverage, by dividing total debt by total equity.

Importance of capitalization ratio

The capitalization ratio plays a crucial role in assessing a company's financial leverage. A high ratio suggests a significant amount of debt relative to equity, which may raise the risk of debt default. In contrast, a low ratio signifies less debt in comparison to equity, reducing the risk of default.

Example of a firm utilizing the capitalization ratio

Companies use the capitalization ratio to evaluate their ability to settle outstanding debt obligations by comparing total liabilities to total equity, resulting in the capitalization ratio. This assessment helps determine whether the company can meet its debt payments while maintaining sufficient funds for its operations.