What is a cash budget?
A cash budget is a forward-looking projection of a company's anticipated cash inflows and outflows during a specific time frame. This financial tool assists managers in making strategic decisions regarding resource allocation. Cash budgets hold particular significance for businesses heavily reliant on external funding, enabling them to plan when additional financing might be required.
How to calculate a cash budget?
Calculating a cash budget involves tracking expected cash inflows and outflows for a defined period, ensuring that the business maintains sufficient cash reserves to cover its expenses. Expected inflows can encompass sources such as sales revenue, interest income, and rent payments, while outflows may encompass expenses like employee salaries, inventory, and utilities. After tracking these elements, the projected cash balance for the period can be determined. If this balance is negative, the business must take corrective action to increase cash flow or reduce expenditures.
What's the distinction between a cash budget and a profit and loss statement?
A cash budget anticipates a company's future cash inflows and outflows within a specific period, providing insight into its actual cash position compared to budgeted amounts. In contrast, a profit and loss statement, also known as an income statement, reports a company's revenue generation and expenses incurred during a specific period, offering an assessment of its financial performance.
Who utilizes a cash budget?
Businesses employ a cash budget as a financial forecasting tool to project their future cash flow. This tool aids businesses in identifying and monitoring cash sources and uses, facilitating decisions on effective cash management. Cash budgets are typically applied in short-term contexts, such as the early stages of a new business or leading up to major purchases or investments. Additionally, businesses facing financial challenges can utilize cash budgets to identify and address cash flow issues.