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Glossary

Debt Equity Ratio

The Debt Equity Ratio is a financial metric used to determine a company's leverage by comparing its total debt to shareholders' equity.

What is a debt equity ratio?

A debt equity ratio is a measure of a company's financial leverage calculated by dividing a company's total liabilities by its total shareholders' equity. It indicates the proportion of equity and debt used to finance its operations. A higher debt equity ratio signifies greater leverage and increased risk.

How do you calculate a debt equity ratio?

To calculate a debt equity ratio, you divide a company's total liabilities by its total shareholders' equity. This provides insight into the extent of debt exposure relative to equity, which is valuable information for creditors. A high debt equity ratio may signal financial instability, while a low ratio suggests financial health.

What is the difference between a debt equity ratio and a debt to assets ratio?

There are two primary debt ratios: the debt equity ratio and the debt to assets ratio. The debt equity ratio measures the debt relative to shareholders' equity, while the debt to assets ratio assesses debt compared to total assets. Both ratios are vital indicators of a company's financial well-being. A high debt to equity or debt to assets ratio implies a significant debt burden, potentially leading to financial challenges.

What is an example of a debt equity ratio?

The debt equity ratio calculates a company's financial leverage by dividing total liabilities by total shareholders' equity, revealing the percentage of equity funded by creditors. For instance, if a company has total liabilities of $10,000 and total shareholders' equity of $5,000, the debt equity ratio is 2:1, indicating that creditors have a 2:1 claim on the company's equity. This ratio demonstrates the level of financial risk associated with the company.