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Glossary

Effective Corporate Tax Rate

The effective corporate tax rate represents the actual percentage of a company's profits paid in taxes after accounting for deductions, exemptions, and credits.

What is the effective corporate tax rate?

The effective corporate tax rate is the rate at which a company pays taxes on its profits after accounting for deductions and exemptions. It can be calculated by dividing the corporate income tax paid by the taxable income. The effective corporate tax rate varies depending on the company's location and business type. In many countries, it is lower than the statutory corporate tax rate.

How to calculate the effective corporate tax rate?

The effective corporate tax rate is the percentage of income a company pays in taxes on its profits. It can be calculated by dividing the company's income tax expense by its taxable income. The income tax expense represents the taxes paid or payable on the taxable income, while the taxable income is the total income minus applicable deductions and exemptions.

What does the effective corporate tax rate reveal?

The effective corporate tax rate provides insight into the tax liability of a company on its profits. This information helps assess a company's tax payments and its competitive position compared to others. Additionally, it can be used to estimate a company's future tax obligations.

What's needed to compute the effective corporate tax rate?

To calculate the effective corporate tax rate, you must understand the statutory corporate tax rate, available corporate deductions, and tax credits. The statutory corporate tax rate is the legally mandated rate that corporations must pay on their taxable income. Deductions are expenses that can be subtracted from taxable income, while tax credits reduce the tax owed. The effective corporate tax rate is determined by multiplying the statutory corporate tax rate by the deduction rate and the tax credit rate.

What are the limitations of the effective corporate tax rate?

The effective corporate tax rate measures the percentage of a company's income paid in taxes on its profits. However, it doesn't capture the full picture of a company's tax obligations. The effective rate can be influenced by various factors, including the types of reported income, deductions taken, and tax rates applied in different regions.

Furthermore, tax avoidance tactics, like shifting profits to lower-tax jurisdictions or using intricate corporate structures, can impact the effective corporate tax rate. Consequently, it may not always provide a reliable representation of a company's actual tax burden.