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Glossary

Net Margin

Net margin refers to a company's profitability ratio, calculated by dividing net income by total revenue and representing the percentage of profit per dollar of sales.

Understanding net margin

Net margin, also referred to as net profit margin, serves as a measure of a company's profitability by evaluating its net income as a percentage of revenue. This calculation involves dividing the net income by revenue and multiplying the result by 100. Net income represents the company's total earnings after deducting all expenses, encompassing depreciation, interest, and income taxes. Meanwhile, revenue signifies the overall income generated from a company's sales.

Calculating net margin

To calculate the net margin, divide the net income by net sales. The net income is derived by subtracting operating expenses from gross income. Operating expenses consist of the cost of goods sold and other operational expenditures, providing a crucial insight into a company's financial efficiency.

Application of net margin

Net margin is an essential metric used to assess a company's profit generation efficiency. A higher net margin signifies more profitability per sale, while a lower margin may suggest financial inefficiency. Investors and analysts utilize this metric to evaluate a company's performance and compare it within the industry.

Comparing net profit and net margin

Net profit, or net income, reflects the total earnings of a company after accounting for all costs and expenses, whereas net margin measures the percentage of net income against net sales. Net margin, being a more relevant indicator, focuses solely on operational income, offering a clearer view of a company's financial health.

Understanding gross profit vs. net profit

Net profit is what remains after a company settles all its expenses, including the costs of goods sold, administrative and marketing costs, and depreciation. In contrast, gross profit is the income obtained from sales before deducting these expenses, specifically excluding administrative and marketing costs and depreciation.

Distinguishing net profit and net income

Net profit is the amount earned after subtracting all expenses, including income taxes, from revenue. On the other hand, net income refers to the earnings left after deducting expenses and the company's income taxes, providing a comprehensive overview of a company's financial standing.