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Glossary

Operating Budget

An operating budget is a financial plan that outlines an organization's projected income and expenses for day-to-day operations within a specific time frame, usually a fiscal year.

Understanding the concept of an operating budget

An operating budget delineates a company's anticipated expenses and revenue for a specified duration. Typically utilized to monitor a company's performance in contrast to its planned budget, it allows for necessary adjustments. Operating budgets are applicable for various time spans, although they are most commonly employed on a monthly or quarterly basis.

The process of crafting an operating budget

To generate an operating budget, the initial step involves collecting information concerning the company's prior expenditures. This data provides a foundation for estimating future spending. Additionally, projecting the company's forthcoming year revenue is essential. Once armed with these figures, the budget creation process can commence.

Subsequently, breaking down the company's expenditures into distinct categories is vital. This may encompass areas such as marketing, employee salaries, rent, and utilities. After establishing spending categories, approximations can be made regarding the amount required for each category.

Following the estimation of spending, it's possible to allocate the projected revenue. This allocation demonstrates the available monthly funds. This information is then employed to formulate a budget for each month within the year.

Ultimately, summarizing the budget is essential, encompassing the total revenue and expenditures for the year, alongside the projected profit or loss.

Contrasting an operating budget and a capital budget

An operating budget serves as a blueprint for a company's income and expenditure over a set duration. Typically spanning one year, it assists in evaluating actual outcomes against the planned ones. This type of budget aids in decisions related to pricing, employment, and marketing strategies.

A capital budget outlines a company's investment and expenditure plan within a specific period. Covering a year, this budget is instrumental in comparing actual results with the anticipated ones. Capital budgets inform decisions regarding investments in new equipment or expansion into different markets.