Glossary

# Weighted Average Cost of Capital

The Weighted Average Cost of Capital (WACC) represents the average rate a company is expected to pay to finance its assets, calculated by weighing the cost of equity and debt.

#### Understanding the concept of weighted average cost of capital

Weighted average cost of capital (WACC) signifies the mean cost of all financing sources a company employs. This encompasses both debt and equity, with the weighting determined by the proportions of each financial source. The WACC is calculated by multiplying the cost of each source by its respective weight.

The impact and determinants of weighted average cost of capital

The WACC holds substantial significance for companies, influencing the returns expected by shareholders on their investments. A higher WACC denotes a costlier capital-raising process for a company, resulting in diminished returns for shareholders.

Factors affecting the calculation of weighted average cost of capital

Various elements can influence a company's WACC, primarily the costs of debt and equity. The cost of debt refers to the interest rate paid on debt financing, while the cost of equity represents the return demanded by shareholders on their investment. Moreover, the company's tax rate and the extent of debt financing utilized are additional factors affecting the WACC.

#### Calculating the weighted average cost of capital: a step-by-step guide

The WACC denotes the average cost of a company's capital resources, encompassing both debt and equity. The calculation considers the relative weight of each capital type and employs the following formula:

WACC = (E/V x Re) + (D/V x Rd)

The formula uses the market values of equity (E) and debt (D), the total company value (V), the required rates of return on equity (Re), and debt (Rd).

Determining weighted average cost of capital for a company

The WACC aids in evaluating the average cost of a company's capital, factoring in the mix of debt and equity, as well as the cost associated with each. It serves as a benchmark to gauge the company's required rate of return on investments to break even. Various elements like debt cost, equity cost, tax rate, and debt-to-equity ratio play a pivotal role in WACC calculations.

#### Distinguishing between weighted average cost of capital and cost of capital

The weighted average cost of capital (WACC) symbolizes the anticipated average return on a company's weighted average capital, encompassing both debt and equity. In contrast, the cost of capital represents the rate of return a company requires for new investments to sustain its present market value.